Case study 3: Black Sea

Responsible: Laura Alexandrov NIMRD, Romania

The Black Sea is an Unicum hidrobiologicum because of its specificity and biodiversity. It is considered an internal brackish sea with 17‰ salinity under the Danube freshening, sedimentary and anthropogenic impact. Romanian coast has two main parts: one, in front of Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve, and the other, in the central and southern part, which is under human pressures and demography development and activities effects.

Not many activities are carried out at sea, comparing with other seas and coasts, due to geographical and climate instability, strong winds and waves, coastal erosion, continental floods and freshening influence, big temperatures, salinity, density variations. As a consequence, the coastal areas are inhabited by aquatic organisms with a high plasticity, resistant to local conditions changes, but enough healthy, with qualities for aquaculture. Valuable and endemic species, like sturgeons, flatfish, shads, mullets have here places for feeding and reproduction.

The traditional ways of migrations must be recovered for the most important species. To avoid transboundary conflicts a good management of the fish stocks is necessary, adding legislation harmonisation and control improvement. As an exercise, the main activities of the marine space have been identified and should be up-dated by their geographical coordinates, for mapping. The Romanian coast (in its whole integrity) answers to the ECOAST objectives, and can delineate human activities (tourism, navigation, oil and gas extraction and transport, coastal pressures, etc.) including specifically locations for aquaculture, artificial reefs, marine protected areas, natural resources stocks. All of these can be taken into account for interconnection and conflicts evaluation, also in transboundary way.

Recommendations will be elaborated following a good management of fisheries resources, habitats recovery, maritime spatial plans and scenarios approach. As Member State, Romania has to implement all EU Directives regarding marine space and resources.